Reminder of a Lecture: The Orwell Project

The many sides of privacy; Alan Davidson (then with the CDT, now at Google) gave a couple of seminars a few years ago and, during a talk on privacy, was reminded by some students of Arab extraction in the room that it was to their advantage to have their activities tracked 24-7 to avoid suspicion. Well, they weren’t alone, as this article shows: Tracking Himself: The ‘Orwell Project’pdf

The artist hatched a plan. If Big Brother wanted proof of his coordinates, why not surveil himself? Recording his own moves could, theoretically, seal his alibi. And, when conceived of as art project, the action might satirize federal intelligence gathering.

From the day in 2002 when Elahi implanted a GPS-enabled device in his cellphone, art and life merged. Several times a day, the artist input his location into the phone and his computer recorded the data (he hopes to incorporate a live GPS tracker soon). He then created a Web site that allowed viewers to see where he is at any given time — you can visit at http://www.trackingtransience.net— and he began taking photographs with a digital camera as further proof of his whereabouts.

International Royalties and Pandora

Music Radio on the Internet Faces Thorny Royalty Issues

With 6.5 million registered users, Pandora stands at the vanguard of the sprawling, global Internet radio market. But like other Webcasters, it faces an increase in royalty rates in the United States and is struggling with competing royalty collection agencies all over the world.

On May 3, that chaos prompted Tim Westergren, a former musician who founded Pandora in a San Francisco apartment, to pull the plug on the international market, blocking foreign visitors through computer Internet protocol addresses, which identify the country of the user.

“This is a watershed period that we’re going through,” said Mr. Westergren, who had intended to start a British site this week but postponed the project as the company wrestles with the royalties issue.

Missed This Stunning Argument

Essentially, it’s “since I have a technology that ensures compliance with the DMCA, and since no one’s using it, they are therefore in violation of the DMCA and I am going to ask the courts to compel the use of my technology.” At least, that’s if this article is correct: Apple, others draw legal threat over media players

MRT, based in Santa Cruz, Calif., argues that its X1 SeCure Recording Control technology has been “proven effective” as such a protective measure by plugging the “digital hole” that allows even copy-protected music streams, when played back, to be captured and potentially copied. The company says that because the companies are avoiding use of its purportedly effective product, they are violating the DMCA.

“We’ve given these four companies 10 days to talk to us and work out a solution, or we will go into federal court and file action and seek an injunction to remove the infringing products from the marketplace,” CEO Hank Risan said in a phone interview Friday. According to the MRT, the companies in question are responsible for 98 percent of the market’s media players, which are in turn used by CNN, National Public Radio, Clear Channel, MySpace, Yahoo, YouTube and others.

RealNetworks spokesman Matt Graves said he hadn’t yet seen the letter, but it appeared to be a ploy by a “desperate company” to get its product licensed. “That’s a rather novel approach to business development,” he said in an e-mail interview Friday.

[…] “It looks to me like a play for publicity,” Jessica Litman, a University of Michigan Law School professor who specializes in digital copyright issues, said in an e-mail interview. “I’m no fan of the DMCA, but it doesn’t impose liability simply because some product could be redesigned to implement a technological protection scheme but its makers decline to do so.”

She also said the targeted companies would likely not be liable because a section of the DMCA says that consumer electronics, telecommunications or computing products are not required to be designed so as to “provide for a response to any particular technological measure.”

Wonder What Was Said About Cable?

As someone who still relies entirely on the airwaves for my television, I would possibly agree with Forester’s conclusion, but I am a member of a weird market segment already: iTunes-like video services have no future: studypdf

“In the video space, iTunes is just a temporary flash while consumers wait for better ways to get video. They’re already coming,” said Forrester Research analyst James McQuivey, the author of the study, who also called the paid download video market a “dead end.”

Forrester estimated that sales growth is not likely to triple or even double in 2008 and beyond, after early adopters and media addicts have already started using the services.

[…] “Free is going to win,” McQuivey said.

Of course, we’ve heard that argument before, too.

Looking at the “New TV”

A Diet, Oddly Bland, of Continuous Images and Chat

The main difference between these sites and YouTube is the nature of the content: it is full-length and professionally edited. Like YouTube, the content is free. Yet, as we all know, nothing is ever really free. Joost required me to register my age, gender and other details, and both Web sites say they will monitor your viewing patterns. Joost says it does this so it can produce “personalized television supported by advertisements that are most likely to interest you.”

In the advertising industry, sites that ask for user data upfront are a treasure trove for companies that want their brands pitched to just the right people at just the right time. Joost has already signed up more than 30 major advertisers, including Microsoft, Unilever and United Airlines. Within a few minutes of logging on to Joost, Motorola, Hewlett-Packard and Kraft all zapped ads at us. Babelgum will not have ads until later in the year and is planning to make its ads skippable during the trial period — an option that consumers will appreciate but advertisers will begrudge.

Off-Topic: Extremely Cool Robotics Application

Water loggingpdf

IT’S rare that the origins of newly milled 2-by-4s offer a compelling tale. But the boards, beams and planks that Triton Logging Inc. sells to home builders come from the cold, eerie depths of Canadian reservoirs. There, a remote-controlled chainsaw-wielding submarine called a Sawfish, developed by Triton’s founder and chief executive, Chris Godsall, harvests trees killed by 20th century dam projects. Although the robotic lumberjack may conjure images of Jules Verne’s primitive Nautilus, its mission is to dive 200 feet down in search of new sources of cedar, pine, spruce and Douglas fir.

The pilot sits in a barge on the surface, scanning multiple video screens to navigate the underwater landscape, a dark, surreal scene in which submerged trees look as though they’ve been frozen in time with bark and pine cones intact. Using a joystick, the Sawfish operator ties a canvas float to each tree, the saw cuts through its base and the tree rockets to the surface.

The wood has been preserved by the dark, oxygen-poor water, and once it is kiln-dried, it can be used as architectural-grade, old-growth lumber for purposes including support beams and custom cabinetry. Triton, a small Canadian company based near Victoria, British Columbia, has offered its lumber to builders mainly on a limited, custom-order basis and has had trouble meeting the growing demand for its products in Canada and the U.S.

The Seattle Post-Intelligencer Explores The Current Rhetoric

Downloaders face the music as record industry suespdf

Recording industry representatives say the corporations are only exercising their legal right to protect against theft. But the industry threats have drawn complaints that the companies are using the expense and complexity of the federal court system to bully people.

“Copyright infringement is wrong, but abuse of innocent people is wrong too,” said Lory Lybeck, a Mercer Island attorney who has several clients accused of copyright infringement. “There’s a predominance of (these lawsuits) filed against people who simply can’t participate in the federal legal system.”

[…] As music downloaders — or, in the RIAA’s parlance, “songlifters” — continued to take a toll on industry revenue, record corporations sought help from the courts.

[…] According to RIAA statements, most of the legal actions start with an online investigation.

The recording industry and its cybersleuths have been tight-lipped about what techniques are used in their investigations, Lybeck said.

“It’s still a black science, and they like to keep it that way,” he added.

[…] File-sharing programs also open a door to the entire hard drive on a computer to hackers. That means identity thieves, who also are in cyberspace, can copy personal documents, said Howard Schmidt, a computer security expert.

Schmidt, who helped craft a national cybersecurity initiative after Sept. 11, said downloaders shouldn’t expect any privacy online.

“They’re knowingly opening their systems up,” Schmidt said. “They’re broadcasting it all over the Internet.”

[…] Tanya Andersen hired Lybeck to defend her against claims that she illegally downloaded about 1,400 songs. Much of it was gangster rap with what Andersen, a former Justice Department caseworker, described as having “filthy-sounding names.”

[…] The record companies have continued their suit against her even after they searched her computer and didn’t find the stolen music. She has filed a counterclaim, accusing the companies of invading her privacy and abuse of the legal system.

“In the United States, it’s totally unbelievable that somebody can get away with doing this to somebody,” Andersen said. “We’re supposed to be a good country, where people are free. … To me, it feels like they conduct themselves like a mafia would.”

Related: AP’s Music piracy crackdown nets college kidspdf

“Technically, I’m guilty. I just think it’s ridiculous, the way they’re going about it,” Barg said. “We have to find a way to adjust our legal policy to take into account this new technology, and so far, they’re not doing a very good job.”

Convergence

Special-effects house aims to make video games more cinematicpdf

A budget of about $25 million may not be much for director Michael Bay, maker of such mega-budget movies as “Armageddon” and “Pearl Harbor.”

But it’s enough to get him launched on a new passion: creating a video game that matches the quality of a feature film.

Bay’s first-person shooter game is part of a larger strategy to transform Digital Domain Inc., where he is now co-chairman, from one of Hollywood’s elite special-effects houses into a full-blown production studio, capitalizing on the convergence between games and feature films.