Intellectual "Property" in the Digital Age
Frank Field
Links Home : Technologies : Digital Rights Management : Palladium

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-REC [P] An open letter on TCP/DRM support in the CPU
[4 hits, 3 votes, Average Rating 0.33] [Added: 25th Sep 2002]

kuro5hin; September 22, 2002. A strong letter, with a lot of strong comments.
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-REC Dancing at the Microsoft Palladium
[3 hits, 1 votes, Average Rating -1.00] [Added: 8th Jul 2002]

The Register; Andrew Orlowski; July 8, 2002. A nice summary of The Register's coverage, with links.
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-REC I Told You So: Alas, a Couple of Bob's Dire Predictions Have Come True
[4 hits, 2 votes, Average Rating -1.00] [Added: 28th Jun 2002]; Robert X. Cringely; June 27, 2002. His take on Palladium

This week, Microsoft announced Palladium through an exclusive story in Newsweek written by Steven Levy, who ought to have known better. Palladium is the code name for a Microsoft project to make all Internet communication safer by essentially pasting a digital certificate on every application, message, byte, and machine on the Net, then encrypting the data EVEN INSIDE YOUR COMPUTER PROCESSOR. Palladium compatible hardware (presumably chipsets and motherboards) will come from both AMD and Intel, and the software will, of course, come from Microsoft. That software is what I had dubbed TCP/MS.

The point of all this is simple. It may actually make the Internet somewhat safer. But the real purpose of this stuff, I fear, is to take technology owned by nobody (TCP/IP) and replace it with technology owned by Redmond. That's taking the Internet and turning it into MSN. Oh, and we'll all have to buy new computers.

... What's saddest about this story is that it could be positive. The world is a dangerous place and finding ways to make people responsible for what they do on the Net is probably good, not bad. I just don't think we have the right people on the job.

Dave Winer at Scripting news has a reaction
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-REC MS recruits for Palladium microkernel and/or DRM platform
[4 hits, 1 votes, Average Rating -1.00] [Added: 13th Aug 2002]

The Register; John Lettice; August 13, 2002. Uh, oh.

Microsoft's efforts to disassociate Palladium from DRM seem to have hit their first speed bump. Some voices within the company (and we currently believe these voices to be right and sensible) hold the view that Palladium has to be about users' security if it's to stand any chance of winning hearts and minds, and that associating it with protecting the music business' IP will be the kiss of death. So they'll probably not be best pleased by the Microsoft job ad that seeks a group program manager "interested in being part of Microsoft's effort to build the Digital Rights Management (DRM) and trusted platforms of the future (Palladium)."

Oh dear. It's one of a clutch of Palladium job ads currently up on the site, and is the most blatantly off-message one. While the authors of Microsoft's discussion white paper on Palladium say, "Palladium will not require Digital Rights Management (DRM) technology, and DRM will not require Palladium... They are separate technologies," the author of this ad continues: "Our technology allows content providers, enterprises and consumers to control what others can do with their digital information, such as documents, music, video, ebooks, and software. Become a key leader, providing vision and industry leadership in developing DRM, Palladium and Software Licensing products and Trust Infrastructure Services. If you are looking for an opportunity to get in on the ground floor of a critical new area for MS and a position with autonomy and growth, then this is an ideal position."

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-REC MS white paper says Palladium open, clean, not DRM
[6 hits, 3 votes, Average Rating 1.33] [Added: 17th Jul 2002]

The Register; John Lettice; July 17, 2002.

A final draft of Microsoft's Palladium consultation white paper appears to have escaped, and is currently being hosted by Microsoft intends to open Palladium up for discussion, but it's not as yet clear to us whether this means it will be distributing the white paper to all and sundry, or whether it envisages a more restricted distribution list. In any event we haven't been able to nail down anywhere on the Microsoft site you can get it,* or any mention of the Microsoft Content Security Business Unit, which authored it.

The above referenced PDF file
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-REC New Chips Can Keep a Tight Rein on Consumers
[3 hits, 1 votes, Average Rating -1.00] [Added: 4th Jul 2002]

New York Times; Hal R. Varian; July 4, 2002. An article by the NYT that seems to imply that Palladium (and DRM in general) is a challenge to innovation.

But if the industry supplying the products isn't very competitive, then controlling after-purchase behavior can be used to extend a monopoly from one market to another. The markets for software operating systems and for music and video content are highly concentrated, so partnerships between these two industries should be viewed with suspicion. Such partnerships could easily be used to benefit incumbents and to restrict potential entrants, a point made by Mr. Anderson.

But there is another set of problems associated with controlling after-purchase use: these technologies can reduce innovation.

Eric von Hippel, a professor at the Sloan School of Management at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, has documented the importance of "user innovation" in industries as diverse as integrated circuits and mountain biking.

Slashdot discussion
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-REC Palladium summary?
[1 hits, 1 votes, Average Rating -1.00] [Added: 9th Jul 2002]; Seth Schoen; July 5, 2002. A stream of consciousness look at Palladium
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-REC Palladium: Safe or Security Flaw?
[5 hits, 3 votes, Average Rating 2.67] [Added: 12th Jul 2002]; Paul Boutin; July 12, 2002. Spin, spin, spin

What's Palladium? Depending on who you ask, it's either a catalyst to turn silicon into gold for the PC industry, or it's the stuff the black helicopters are made of.

...At this rate, Palladium's proponents may spend more time dealing with rumors than developing the technology. Strongin and Biddle are already downplaying the digital rights management angle to their work. "Palladium is not DRM; DRM is not Palladium," Biddle said. "DRM happens on top of Palladium."

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-REC Rosetta Stone: What If Palladium Doesn't Work?
[4 hits, 2 votes, Average Rating -1.00] [Added: 19th Jul 2002]; Ribert X. Cringely; July 18, 2002. Another in his series:

What I am beginning to expect, however, is that Microsoft will pull back from Palladium, minimizing its importance, just as they did with most of the blunders I listed in the third paragraph, above. What will make them do this, however, is likely to be more than just bad code. Palladium, which is designed by an American company for an American market and in keeping with a wacko American copyright law, won't sit well with the Europeans, which represent the third largest IT market on Earth. Microsoft will eventually realize that it can no longer impose standards on Europe because there is a risk that the whole continent will embrace Open Source or some clever local architecture as an alternative. Even mighty Microsoft can't afford that.

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-REC Tech in a Dangerous World
[3 hits, 0 votes, Average Rating 0] [Added: 26th Jun 2002]

TechCentralStation; Glenn Harlan Reynolds; June 26, 2002. He claims in Instapundit that he didn't know about Palladium, but it sure reads like it!

So keep your eyes open. I predict that within the next year we'll see major and intrusive efforts to protect Big Entertainment and Big Software, disguised as efforts to protect us against hostile hackers. Those efforts will be the more dangerous because there will be a grain of truth at their core: there really are hostile hackers out there trying to spread damage, and their numbers are growing. But don't let legitimate concerns about security blind you to opportunist grabs by people who have shown their opportunism in the past.

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-REC The Big Secret
[5 hits, 3 votes, Average Rating -1.00] [Added: 23rd Jun 2002]

MSNBC - Newsweek; Steven Levy; July 1, 2002. Yikes! Here it comes....
UPDATE: And there is went: Slashdot reports in The Power of Palladium (7/12/2002) that the article is gone - and they're right! Find the text here at cryptome

Computer security is enough of a worry that the software colossus Microsoft views it as a threat to its continued success: thus the apocalyptic Bill Gates memo in January calling for a “Trustworthy Computing” jihad. What Gates did not specifically mention was Microsoft’s hyperambitious long-range plan to literally change the architecture of PCs in order to address the concerns of security, privacy and intellectual property. The plan, revealed for the first time to NEWSWEEK, is... Palladium, and it’s one of the riskiest ventures the company has ever attempted.

...Palladium is being offered to the studios and record labels as a way to distribute music and film with “digital rights management” (DRM). This could allow users to exercise “fair use” (like making personal copies of a CD) and publishers could at least start releasing works that cut a compromise between free and locked-down. But a more interesting possibility is that Palladium could help introduce DRM to business and just plain people. “It’s a funny thing,” says Bill Gates. “We came at this thinking about music, but then we realized that e-mail and documents were far more interesting domains.” For instance, Palladium might allow you to send out e-mail so that no one (or only certain people) can copy it or forward it to others. Or you could create Word documents that could be read only in the next week. In all cases, it would be the user, not Microsoft, who sets these policies.

Slashdot discussion: Microsoft's 'Palladium' Privacy/DRM Scheme
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-REC The Darknet and the Future of Content Distribution
[4 hits, 3 votes, Average Rating 0.00] [Added: 21st Nov 2002]

Microsoft Corporation; Presented at the ACM's Digital Rights Management Conference 2002. Authors: Peter Biddle, Paul England, Marcus Peinado, and Bryan Willman - Word File - Boing Boing reference
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-.Net Insecurity Day
[1 hits, 0 votes, Average Rating 0] [Added: 29th Jul 2002]

InfoWorld; Steve Gillmor; July 24, 2002. A look at Gates' recent mea culpas on the slow pace of .NET

But there on the PowerPoint was a decidedly untrustworthy attribute: "Enhance DRM." Digital Rights Management is the elephant in the room. How can we trust Microsoft with Palladium -- no matter how transparent or "open" the security model is -- when it enhances the ability of Jack Valenti to strip us of our right not to rebuy "Stairway to Heaven" for the 50th time this month?

As .Net Insecurity Day wears on, the flashes of déjà vu overwhelm. The language is right: "Give users control of their data ... Customers told us ... We love the PC being open ... ." But no matter how you slice and dice it, Bill's got a tough nut to crack. How can he earn our trust?

Well, he can't. To borrow a phrase from the '60s, we'll never trust anybody over 30 ... $30 billion, that is. But that doesn't mean Bill should stop trying. For starters, stop underestimating the audience.

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-A Hollywood Ending Does Microsoft Really Care About Protecting the Entertainment Industry?
[4 hits, 0 votes, Average Rating 0] [Added: 13th Jul 2002]; Robert X. Cringeley; July 11, 2002. More on Palladium:

Step back for a moment and look at this thing, which we're told is going to torque us all around simply to protect the property rights of movie studios and record companies. Now compare the annual revenue of all U.S. movie studios with the revenue of the PC industry. In 2001, the PC business was more than 12 times the size of the movie business, and more than eight times the size of the movie and television businesses combined. Microsoft has more cash on hand than the total combined profits of all movie studios and broadcast and cable networks for the last decade. So why should Microsoft care about movie studios? Frankly, they don't. It's just a reason to give to people like me, and one to be believed by people like you.

... Forget the flow of music and movies through your computer, and wake up to the flow that really counts, the flow of money. Put Palladium on every computer, and whoever controls Palladium controls the flow of money in the world. Wasn't that the real point of .NET? Would Microsoft really pursue .NET without a corollary hardware strategy? I don't think so.

But hey, this is just Microsoft you say. Microsoft doesn't envision anything so diabolical. And I agree with that statement simply because I don't see Microsoft as a company having much vision at all. That's why it is possible for Palladium to be devised exactly as Mr. Juarez says, from the bottom up for purely altruistic reasons. In fact, I am sure that is how it happened. But then one day somebody near the top of Microsoft realized that what they had was a way of taxing the world, and suddenly, Palladium became strategic for Microsoft.

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-Analyzing Palladium
[5 hits, 1 votes, Average Rating -1.00] [Added: 27th Jun 2002]; June 27, 2002. A couple of good links here: Plus the usual commentaries.
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-Can we trust Microsoft's Palladium?
[6 hits, 0 votes, Average Rating 0] [Added: 11th Jul 2002]

Salon; Farhad Manjoo; July 11, 2002. Makes the only argument that might allay fears of Palladium: the fact that Microsoft has not gotten to where it is by pissing off customers. Competitors, yes, but not customers.
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-Cryptome Palladium Patent Posts
[2 hits, 0 votes, Average Rating 0] [Added: 8th Jul 2002]

cryptome; July 7, 2002. Posting of links to the Palladium patents. Slashdot discussion: MS Palladium Patent
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-EU Warns Microsoft on New Plan
[2 hits, 0 votes, Average Rating 0] [Added: 3rd Jul 2002]; AP Wire; July 2, 2002.

Microsoft should be careful that its new software security plan doesn't shut out competitors, the European Union's new antitrust enforcer said Monday

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-Hollywood, tech make suspicious pairing
[4 hits, 0 votes, Average Rating 0] [Added: 22nd Jul 2002]; Dan Gillmor; July 20, 2002. Surprsingly, Dan Gillmor is ready to give Microsoft a chance to make a case for Palladium....
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-Interview with Palladium's Mario Juarez
[2 hits, 0 votes, Average Rating 0] [Added: 21st Jul 2002]

DigitalIDWorld; Phil Becker; June 26, 2002. A lot of softballs pitched here....

Summary: Microsoft made it's Palladium project public and it has caused quite a stir as people seek information. Mario Juarez is the Group Product Manager for the Palladium project. Digital ID World caught up with Mr. Juarez and asked him to fill us in on what Palladium is, how it will work, and how Microsoft sees its deployment strategy. Along the way he addressed the Privacy issues, governmental issues, and provided insight into Microsoft's philosophy about Palladium as well...

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-Microsoft Hard at Work on 'Vault'
[7 hits, 0 votes, Average Rating 0] [Added: 26th Jun 2002]; AP Wire; June 25, 2002. Almost as softball as the Levy article
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-Microsoft security chip open to discussion
[2 hits, 0 votes, Average Rating 0] [Added: 8th Jul 2002]

InfoWorld; Gillian Law; July 8, 2002.

"Last week, details of Palladium were leaked, or squirrelled out by a journalist," Okin said, speaking at Microsoft's Tech Ed conference here. "This is still at a consultation mode and we will issue white papers by the end of the month, and ask for feedback. So nothing is certain yet." Palladium is a security technology that would change the fundamental architecture of a PC, with a security chip installed to ensure security and control what software is run.

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-Microsoft serves up Palladium details
[3 hits, 0 votes, Average Rating 0] [Added: 30th Jul 2002]

InfoWorld; Sam Costello; July 30, 2002. More backpedaling.....

Nonetheless, Microsoft is taking pains to clarify exactly what Palladium is and is not.

"Palladium is not DRM (Digital Rights Management), but it's a great platform for building DRM on," Juarez said. Palladium was initially linked to a series of patents granted to Microsoft on a "Digital Rights Management operating system " and it remains unclear how those patents will play into the system. DRM is a technology that allows content owners to place on their work restrictions that can control how the files are shared and copied.

Palladium is also not a technology that Microsoft hopes will permanently lock down content such as movies and music by tying such content to DRM, Juarez said.

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-Microsoft's anti-piracy plans spark controversy
[2 hits, 0 votes, Average Rating 0] [Added: 2nd Jul 2002]

New Scientist; July 2, 2002. OOPS - this is wrongly placed

A recent software update for Microsoft's Windows Media Player requires users to permit the automatic installation of undisclosed future anti-piracy measures.

...The software update was issued on June 26 to fix a security bug in Microsoft's Windows Media Player. The End User License Agreement displayed during installation of the patch requires users to agree to any future security updates related to "digital rights management", i.e. preventing copyright infringement.

It states: "In order to protect the integrity of content and software protected by digital rights management "Secure Content", Microsoft may provide security related updates to the OS Components that will be automatically downloaded onto your computer."

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-Microsoft's Palladium: A New Security Initiative
[5 hits, 0 votes, Average Rating 0] [Added: 26th Jun 2002]

ExtremeTech; Mark Hachman and Sebastian Rupley, June 25, 2002. A look at the innards of Palladium

The approach outwardly seems to mimic that of the Trusted Computing Platform Alliance, whose specification was finalized in January 2001. TCPA calls for the creation of a "Trusted Platform Module"(TPM), a discrete cryptographic processor residing on the PC's motherboard that contains a unique digital signature.

Palladium, on the other hand, uses a PC's microprocessor to run some form of low-level encryption, and can also use a TPM-like module for additional encryption, according to Geoffrey Strongin, AMD's platform security architect.

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-MS DRM OS, retagged 'secure OS' to ship with Longhorn?
[4 hits, 0 votes, Average Rating 0] [Added: 24th Jun 2002]

The Register; John Lettice; June 24, 2002. A critical look at the sketchy details on Palladium.

The Microsoft Secure PC project is rolling out, and could be with us as early as the next major version of Windows, Longhorn. The whole idea of a computer that just plain won't let you steal other people's stuff is of course a tricky one (why would you buy it?), as we've previously indicated here, and here, so the ever-resourceful Beast is proposing to spin it as the ultimate tool for protecting your stuff.

...But there's just a tad of dissonance here. If the system's ability to identify other trusted systems is dependent on those other systems being Palladium systems, then it doesn't altogether work if practically everybody doesn't have it. So MS VP Will Poole's contrary claim that: "We have to ship 100 million of these before it really makes a difference" is significant.

Given the way Microsoft ordinarily ships 100 million of whatever it wants to ship, we'd expect the company to continue thumping the security and privacy tubs for all they're worth, to start rolling it out around Longhorn time, and to evolve towards making it, and the chips, virtually compulsory through the good offices of Intel, AMD and the major PC companies. This will only work if the publicity campaign to reposition DRM as A Good Thing convinces the users, and that's by no means a given. We haven't even got on to the trustworthiness of the people who'll be keeping custody of your secure digital identity, for starters. Not yet...

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-MS Palladium protects IT vendors, not you - paper
[4 hits, 0 votes, Average Rating 0] [Added: 28th Jun 2002]

The Register; John Letice; June 28, 2002. Summary and opinion, based on materials listed elsewhere in this section.

Aside from providing the music business with workable DRM, it would also allow software companies to lock in their users. The more Palladium/TCPA-enabled apps there are, the more this will be the case, and it will also have the tendency to favour existing players while locking out new entrants.

Anderson refers to the chip as the "Fritz" chip, after senator Fritz Hollings who has been "working tirelessly" to make TCPA compulsory. On boot, Fritz "checks that the boot ROM is as expected, executes it, measures the state of the machine; then checks the first part of the operating system, loads and executes it, checks the state of the machine; and so on. The trust boundary, of hardware and software considered to be known and verified, is steadily expanded. A table is maintained of the hardware (audio card, video card etc) and the software (O/S, drivers, etc); if there are significant changes, the machine must be re- certified. The result is a PC booted into a known state with an approved combination of hardware and software. Control is then handed over to enforcement software in the operating system - this is presumably Palladium if your operating system in Windows."

Note the similarities here to what Xbox is doing already.

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-MS to eradicate GPL, hence Linux
[4 hits, 0 votes, Average Rating 0] [Added: 26th Jun 2002]

The Register; Thomas C. Greene; June 25, 2002. An admittedly biased look at what Palladium means for GPL'ed operating systems. Slashdot has a discussion: Will Microsoft Code-Checking Plans Cripple the GPL?
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-MS to micro-manage your computer
[4 hits, 0 votes, Average Rating 0] [Added: 24th Jun 2002]

The Register; Richard Forno; June 24, 2002. A first look.

As such, Levy's article is full of sensational soundbytes, including one particularly fear-mongering paragraph: "An endless roster of security holes allows cyber-thieves to fill up their buffers with credit-card numbers and corporate secrets. It's easier to vandalize a Web site than to program a remote control. Entertainment moguls boil in their hot tubs as movies and music are swapped, gratis, on the Internet. Consumers fret about the loss of privacy. And computer viruses proliferate and mutate faster than they can be named."

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-MS's Palladium: What the hell is it? (Here's what!)
[5 hits, 0 votes, Average Rating 0] [Added: 10th Jul 2002]

ZDNet Anchordesk; David Coursey; July 10, 2002. Another opinion piece on what Palladium means to me. By someone not too terribly credible, and one who's already indicated that he doesn't like it. But now, maybe he dies. The TalkBacks are a riot.
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-MS: Why we can't trust your 'trustworthy' OS
[2 hits, 0 votes, Average Rating 0] [Added: 10th Jul 2002]

ZDNet AnchorDesk; David Coursey; July 2, 2002. Hmm - this time, he doesn't like a Microsoft product. How long will this last?
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-New Windows lock could be leaky
[5 hits, 0 votes, Average Rating 0] [Added: 25th Jun 2002]

ZDNet News; Robert Lemos; June 25, 2002. Wonder whose side ZDNet is on this issue?

Microsoft's new plan to ensure PC security through extensive changes to its Windows operating system could help make private data and media files safer, but first it has to address privacy concerns, industry watchers said Monday.

... But although Microsoft may not be working through the TCPA on Palladium, Clain Anderson, director of security solutions for IBM's PC division, said the trusted computing design will be at the heart of the hardware. "The design is at the core of Palladium and the corresponding Intel design," he said.

Last year, the TCPA adopted IBM's technology as its standard for delivering hardware security. IBM has been shipping a security chip inside its PCs for nearly three years. [emphasis edded] Over time, Big Blue has added greater capabilities to the software.

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-Palladium Clues May Lie In AMD Motherboard Design
[4 hits, 0 votes, Average Rating 0] [Added: 26th Jun 2002]

eXtremeTech; Mark Hackman; June 26, 2002. A discussion of a paper on Wave Technology, floated as a trusted client technology in 2000.

The whitepaper, forwarded to ExtremeTech by reader and consultant Andreas W. Kuhn, contains many similarities to Palladium's potential feature set: the ability to sell multimedia content by the chapter or track, the possible ability to block spam by accurately verifying the sender and recipient of a message; increased privacy, and serving as a trusted client. However, the AMD-Wave whitepaper also postulates the need for multiple protection schemes, something that Microsoft's limited public statements have not addressed.

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-Palladium concerns Microsoft's competitors, not lawyers
[4 hits, 0 votes, Average Rating 0] [Added: 26th Jun 2002]

InfoWorld; Sam Costello; June 25, 2002. The content of the article doesn't match the title - either that, or this reporter has never actually asked a lawyer a question before:

With a judge poised to rule in Microsoft's antitrust suit with the nine states that did not agree to the company's deal with the U.S. Department of Justice, another broad, Windows-centric initiative may seem ill-timed to some. However, these concerns may not be well-founded, said Bob Schneider, a partner and the head of intellectual property department at the Chicago law firm Chapman & Cutler.

Palladium "could be (an extension of the Windows monopoly), but I don't think at this stage it has risen to that level," he said.

Because Palladium depends so much on the hardware component -- something that is "outside the scope of what Microsoft does," in Schneider's words -- the system, as currently described, may not become an antitrust concern, he said.

Nonetheless "there is a possibility that it can" be used that way, he said. "The answer depends more on how it's developed and how Microsoft uses it."

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-Palladium Debate Heats Up
[3 hits, 0 votes, Average Rating 0] [Added: 29th Jul 2002]

eWeek; Dennis Fisher; July 29, 2002.

But as the Redmond, Wash., vendor shares more details of Palladium, there is a growing unease in the security community about not only the technology but also Microsoft's intentions.

Some critics see Palladium as an attempt by Microsoft to use security to extend its operating system monopoly. Others say that the technology's capabilities will give Microsoft near-complete control of what applications customers can run on their machines.

..."To listen to music and watch videos, you'll have to use an app that's acceptable to the Hollywood folks. That will be bound into the vanilla trust structure signed by Wintel," said Ross Anderson, head of the security group at the University of Cambridge Computer Laboratory, in Cambridge, England.

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-Pondering Palladium
[3 hits, 0 votes, Average Rating 0] [Added: 23rd Jul 2002]

InfoWorld; Russell Pavlicek; July 22, 2002. It's all about a threat to open source, as far as he is concerned.
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-Preparing For The Digital Dark Age
[3 hits, 0 votes, Average Rating 0] [Added: 24th Jun 2002]

InfoWarrior; Richard F. Forno; June 23, 2002. Another source for the material posted fby Forno at The Register
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-TCPA and Palladium: Sony Inside
[1 hits, 0 votes, Average Rating 0] [Added: 10th Jul 2002]; adamba; July 9, 2002. An apparently authoritative discussion of some background on Palladium and the TCPA implementations at Microsoft.

The recent publicity about the Trusted Computing Platform Alliance (TCPA) and Microsoft's Palladium security initiative have portrayed them as Microsoft's latest weapon against the software industry.

This is incorrect. What they really represent are Hollywood's latest weapon against the personal computing industry.

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-Who trusts Microsoft's Palladium? Not me
[5 hits, 0 votes, Average Rating 0] [Added: 27th Jun 2002]

ZDNet News; Matt Loney; June 27, 2002.

Now I have a major problem with this, not least because I don't like the idea of a company that has been found guilty of criminal activity providing technology that will be used to police laws. For a start, it looks for all the world like Microsoft is introducing technology which does not benefit the consumer, but which is designed to prevent crimes being committed. And in the process, consumer rights could actually end up being curtailed; it appears that limitations built into Palladium could redefine "fair use" of digital media from a legal right, to a technological grant from a company.

... Copyright laws are a peculiar beast. They are the product of corporate lobbying. They protect, to a large extent, corporate interests. Individuals accused of breaking copyright laws are pursued at the behest of corporates (in the case of Adobe's persecution of Dmitri Sklyarov). And now corporates are introducing the technologies to police the laws. I'm not sure that any other area of law is so controlled -- and now policed -- by corporate interests.

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-Why Intel Loves Palladium
[3 hits, 0 votes, Average Rating 0] [Added: 26th Jun 2002]

The Register; Drew Cullen; Juen 25, 2002. With some interesting links.

Remember the Processor Serial Number? We do - this was Intel's attempt to embed a unique ID in every CPU. Switched on at the launch of the Pentium III in February 1999, the PSN was a public relations disaster, prompting torrents of abuse from mostly sensible people, who feared the implications of PSN for consumer privacy.

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-Why the new MS licensing Ts & Cs are important
[5 hits, 1 votes, Average Rating 0.00] [Added: 21st Aug 2002]

The Register; John Lettice; August 21, 2002. A discussion of the Terms and Conditions coming along with recent Microsoft software upgrades.

The content/DRM-related terms and conditions Microsoft is currently experimenting (we hope that's the right word) with seem notably more savage than the new standard Windows licences, but the point here is that terms and conditions are changing, little by little, and although you can currently switch the nasties off, most people won't, because they won't know about them, and it will become progressively harder to switch them off anyway, or indeed to operate in a world where services from Microsoft and friends more and more expect them to be switched on.

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